Click here to buy: School Management System database!
Schools have to manage many different sets of data:
Pupil information (name, contact details, etc.) -
Rather than use lots of different systems to manage this information, many schools use a School Management System (SMS). This is a system that manages all of a school's data in a single, integrated application.
Having all of the information in a single system allows schools to more easily connect data together.
For example, when viewing a pupil's record, the user could follow a link to the pupil's class, and from there a link to the pupil's teacher, and from there a link to the teacher's other classes, and so on.
These connections between sets of data allow complex tasks to easily be performed such as:
Sending letters to all parents of pupils who scored below 50% in their last English test; Printing personalised timetables for pupils (even though they have all chosen different options); Monitoring the progress of pupils in multiple subjects, over a number of years.
As you can imagine, School Management Systems are pretty complex. Most systems are based on a complex relational database. The database contains many tables of data, each table having many records and many fields.